Biodegradation pathway for Propanii Herbicide.
Grace Ijoma Pearson Institute of Higher Education, Midrand Biotranformation or biodegradation is a process whereby microorganisms use enzymes to convert a compound into a different compound, it is considered often to be a step or series of steps in the mineralization process.
Although, biotransformation may produce a product that may sometimes be toxic to the environment or chemically unstable, it is also possible that biotransformation achieves chemical immobilisation of the new compound through chemicals within the environment reacting with this transient compound thus trapping it or chelating the molecule and making it insoluble in this case to some extent the new compound may be considered to be remediated or removed as it is no longer biologically available to other living organisms.
It is the sum total of several biotransformation processes. Where interaction of the environment with biological agents can result to the non-usefulness of such environment for the benefit of man. Mineralization is the transformation of naturally occurring non-mineral substance s to inorganic crystalline solid with a definite chemical composition or from one form of mineral to another.
This transformation process can be achieved by chemical or biological actions or through lithification and metamorphism.Thus, biodegradation comprises mineralization and conversion to innocuous products, namely biomass and humus.
Primary biodegradation is more limited in scope and refers to the disappearance of the compound as a result of its biotransformation to another product. See also: Humus. Biodegradation is the biological process in which a material is biologically degraded.
It is a natural process, that takes place without human intervention. Bioremediation is the engineered. This study investigated the biodegradation of high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in liquid media and soil by bacteria (Stenotrophomonas maltophilia VUN 10, and bacterial consortium VUN 10,) and a fungus (Penicillium janthinellum VUO 10,) that were isolated from separate creosote- and manufactured-gas plant-contaminated soils.
The term biodegradation describe simple biotransformans, but the total degradation termed mineralization. For example, an organic pollutant is minerilized if it converts to simple inorganic.
Polystyrene (PS) is generally considered to be durable and resistant to biodegradation. Mealworms (the larvae of Tenebrio molitor Linnaeus) from different sources chew and eat Styrofoam, a common PS product.
The Styrofoam was efficiently degraded in the larval gut within a retention time of less than 24 h. What Are The Differences Between Biodegradation And Mineralization. Kirat Hundle 1. What is the difference between an element and a compound? An element is an isotope made of the number of neutrons it has.
A compound is a substance made of two or more different elements (a mixture).