The causes of the civil war and the issue of slavery

Virtually every professional historian who declares out loud or in print that slavery was the main cause of the war has received letters, emails, or comments from audience members that say something to the effect that southerners—sometimes they refer to specific ancestors—did not go to war to defend slavery, nor did northerners go to war to end it. But on this particular issue, historians and those who attack our ivory tower inability to see what they firmly believe is the truth are often talking about two different things: The convictions that inspire men to risk their lives for their country are not necessarily the same as the policies that thrust that country into armed conflict.

The causes of the civil war and the issue of slavery

Under prior English law slaves who became Christians were granted freedom. February The first organized protest against slavery in the new world was drafted by a group of Quakers in Germantown, PA.

How could as Christians, could such actions be condoned? September In the town of Stono, South Carolina a band of slaves starts an insurrection.


Previous runaway slaves had made their way to Florida, where they had been given freedom and land. The Spanish had issued a proclamation stating that any slave who deserted to St.

Augustine, Florida would be given freedom. July The colonies declare independence from English rule with the adoption of The Declaration of Independence.

Written largely by Thomas Jefferson, the document declares "all men are created equal. Pennsylvania became the first state to abolish slavery with a laws calling for gradual abolition.

Massachusetts abolishes slavery and grants voting rights to blacks and Native Americans. South Carolina and Georgia delegates threatened that their states would not join the new Union being planned and won concessions that the slave trade could could not be restricted for 20 years.

Congress passes the Three-Fifths Clause stating that each slave is to be counted as three-fifths of a person for calculating representation in Congress. This act strengthens the power in the House of Representatives for slave states.

July - Congress passes the Northwest Ordinance, preventing slavery from existing in the new federal territories. Maine, Massachusetts and Vermont have no slaves. It was the first state to be admitted after the adoption of the Constitution by the 13 original states.

Kentucky becomes the fifteenth state and enters the Union as a slave state. February Congress passes the first Fugitive Slave Act. The act allowed for the recovery of runaway slaves and authorized the arrest or seizure of fugitives.

The machine greatly increased the production of cleaned cotton thus making cotton a profitable crop for the first time and increasing the need and production value for slaves.

Civil War Facts

Tennessee becomes the sixteenth state and enters the Union a slave state. August - Slave Gabriel Prosser leads a group of armed slaves in rebellion. His plan involved seizing Capitol Square in Richmond, Virginia and taking Governor James Monroe as a hostage, in order to bargain with city authorities for freedom.

Ultimately Gabriel, along with many followers, were captured and executed.

March Ohio becomes the seventeenth state and enters the Union as a free state based on the terms of the Northwest Ordinance.

New Jersey's state legislature announces a gradual emancipation act. March Congress passes law banning the importation of any new slaves into the United States effective January 1, Louisiana becomes the eighteenth state and enters the Union as a slave state. Indiana becomes the nineteenth state and enters the Union as a free state.

Mississippi becomes the twentieth state and enters the Union as a slave state. Illinois becomes the twenty first state and enters the Union as a free state.

Alabama becomes the twenty second state and enters the Union as a slave state.

The causes of the civil war and the issue of slavery

March - The Missouri Compromise is negotiated allowing Maine to be admitted to the Union as a free state and Missouri as a slave state in This act will maintain a balance between free and slave states.A common explanation is that the Civil War was fought over the moral issue of slavery.

In fact, it was the economics of slavery and political control of . Union war evolved as the war progressed in response to political and military issues, and historians do not use them to explain the causes of the war.

The key new issues were the elimination of slavery and the legal and economic status of the freed slaves. The movement is unlikely to succeed, at least for now. Still, the secession question would seem to present an opportunity to look back on causes and conditions that led to America's Civil War.

Obviously, it’s difficult to separate slavery from any discussion on the Civil War. The peculiar institution hovers over the conflict specter-like. From to , the United States was torn apart by the Civil War that resulted, primarily, by the issue of slavery.

Though many of the disagreements between the North and South had been brewing since the American Revolution ended in , the crisis began to come to a head in the ’s.

It. There are many causes that led to the American Civil War.

The causes of the civil war and the issue of slavery

While slavery is generally cited as the main cause for the war, other political and cultural differences . The Civil War started with the Confederate shelling of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, on April 12, Washington Territory was just under eight years old and more than a quarter century away from statehood.

Civil War (comics) - Wikipedia