Visit Website Any federal republic by its very nature invited challenge to central control, a danger that James Madison recognized. He sought at the convention a clause that would prohibit secession from the proposed union once the states had ratified the Constitution. The Constitution as framed and finally accepted by the states divided the exercise of sovereign power between the states and the national government. By virtue of the fact that it was a legal document and in most respects enumerated the powers of the central government, the division was weighted toward the states.
South Secede in ? Why did the South decide to secede from the Union? What were all the circumstances, political, social, economic and moral that led to the South's decision to slice the nation in half?
This paper reviews those issues -- including all the political and economic issues leading up to the secession -- through the use of available scholarly literature. The South -- Just Prior to the Civil War -- Prepares for Secession Prior to the national presidential election ofthe South was in very good shape politically, in terms of the federal government.
In the book Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American People, Volume 1: Tothe authors explain that through the Jacksonian Democratic coalition, Southern political leaders had "maintained effective control of the national government right up to " Boyer, et al.
As long as the "pliant James Buchanan occupied the White House, southerners did no more than talk about secession," Boyer explains. A letter from South Carolina's governor, Francis Pickens, a politician that had been very much in favor of the South seceding from the Union, tells some of the story.
Pickens' letter to a fellow South Carolinian in outlined why he believed, however, that the South would not necessarily need to secede at that time.
The Missouri Compromise was a deal that would prevent slavery to spread to new states that had been admitted to the Union. As long as the Govt. Unfortunately for Governor Pickens, Abraham Lincoln was elected president and the House and Senate also went to Republicans the progressive party, the anti-slavery party at the time -- which turned out to be Pickens' "worst-case scenario," according to Boyer.
A newspaper in South Carolina referred to the election as a "revolution" designed to "cripple slavery" and "place it in course of ultimate extinction" Boyer, The editorial went on to predict that with Lincoln as president, "Northern Black Republicans would force racial equality on the South, and Abolition preachers will be on hand to consummate the marriage of your daughters to black husbands" Boyer, In addition to Governor Pickens, many southerners had talked secession, but on December 20,a convention in South Carolina took place in which South Carolina formally voted "unanimously" for secession, Boyer explains.
A History, Volume 2, the authors explain that "Southern leaders believed that the economic power of their cotton would force France and especially Great Britain to intervene on their behalf" Cooper, et al.
Hence, the "misplaced faith in the omnipotence of cotton governed Confederate diplomatic strategy… [and moreover] in cotton the Confederate government thought it had the lever that would force Great Britain to recognize the Confederacy as an independent nation…" and as a result England would perhaps even sent troops to help the south Cooper, That miscalculation notwithstanding, thinking cotton would be a trump card led them to the decision to break away from the North.
Levine insists that secession was brought about because of "sectional animosity" there certainly was animosityand because of the breakdown of the Whig party, and also because the "fragmentation of the Democrats, [and] the rise of the Republicans" Levine,x.
And of course the animosity between the North and South was exacerbated by the slavery issue; but Levine does not believe secession was a result of "…mere political clumsiness, careerism, chicanery, or coincidence" xi.
The secession and war issues "…grew organically out of large-scale societal changes" and the slave economy -- that helped the South produce "two-thirds of all the cotton grown in the world" -- helped to encourage the South to believe it could become independent of the north and fight the North successfully if it came to that Levine, William Cooper lists a number of reasons for secession in his article in The Journal of Southern History: Barney believes "a serious drought had a central role"; b Michael P.
Johnson explains that in Georgia, "arch-conservatives plus bad weather on election day combined to drown the opponents of immediate secession"; c John M. Sacher believes the "widespread distress over Lincoln's election…" brought on secession; d there were "mysterious fires in the Dallas region that spawned hysteria spreading through the state… believing abolitionist activity and slave unrest responsible, and fearful of what might be forthcoming, Texans raced for safety outside the Union" Cooper,p.
When a vote came up in Texas in -- secession or not? The reason for the northern Texas voters coming down against secession, Lundberg explains, those voters were from the "Upper South" and they "…looked with suspicion and distrust on the cotton interests of the Lower South"; but the slaveholders lived in the Lower south, and they outnumbered the northern voters, hence, when Lincoln was elected it "sent shock waves through the South, and many that had "threatened secession if a Republican should be elected" took action and got a majority vote to secede Lundberg, Arthur Versluis points out that some legislators in the North and South believed that secession was "possible," and legal, based on the Declaration of Independence, which reads:View this essay on South Secede in Why Did the.
Why did the South decide to secede from the Union What were all the circumstances political social economic Essay South Secede in Why Did the and 90,+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers.
Southern Secession and the Causes for the Civil War Words | 4 Pages. The issue of Southern secession and the causes for the Civil War have been immensely debated, researched, and written on. South’s secession from the Union and the reasons for the Civil War Essay Sample Between and there were many issues the northern and southern states of America were disagreeing on. These disagreements eventually led to the Civil War. View this essay on South Secede in Why Did the. Why did the South decide to secede from the Union What were all the circumstances political social economic Essay South Secede in Why Did the and 90,+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers.
There is still much debate over the causes of the Civil War centuries after some southerners sought Secession. In his book, "Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Causes of the Civil War Charles B Dew highlights that it was slavery more than states rights that was associated with Southern secession.
The Civil War Trust's history article analyzing the reasons for secession as set forth in the Articles of Secession and Declarations of Causes issued by the Southern states.
Debates concerning the true causes of the Civil War are unlikely to cease. The war was fought to preserve the union, to keep the United States as one.
Understanding the reasons for the south's secession and the war requires the examination of the opposing views of the North and the South, the Dred Scott Decision, the Fugitive State Law, and the election of Abraham Lincoln. Southern Secession and the Causes for the Civil War Words | 4 Pages. The issue of Southern secession and the causes for the Civil War have been immensely debated, researched, and written on.
Essay The Four Causes of the Civil War - Civil War Paper Did you know Abraham Lincoln, President of the North and Jefferson Davis, President of the South were both from the state of Kentucky (PBS). The Civil War was one of the bloodiest battles ever and it was a very important five years in American history.