Role of armed forces during disaster

Functional parameters[ edit ] The aim of the National Disaster Management Authority is to build a safer and disaster resilient India by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster and technology driven strategy for disaster management.

Role of armed forces during disaster

Although both the KNIL and KM were not directly responsible for the formation of the future Indonesian armed forces, and mainly took the role of foe during Indonesian National Revolution in tothe KNIL had also provided military training and infrastructure for some of the future TNI officers and other ranks.

There were military training centres, military schools and academies in the Dutch East Indies.

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Indonesian nationalism and militarism started to gain momentum and support in World War II during the Japanese occupation of Indonesia. To gain support from the Indonesian people in their war against the Western Allied forceJapan started to encourage and back Indonesian nationalistic movements by providing Indonesian youth with military training and weapons.

The Japanese military training for Indonesian youth originally was meant to rally the local's support for the Japanese Empirebut later it became the significant resource for the Republic of Indonesia during the Indonesian National Revolution in to Many of these men who served in PETA, both officers and NCOs alike like Sudirmanformed majority of the personnel that would compose the future armed forces.

General Sudirmanfirst commander of the Indonesian Armed Forces At first, Indonesian Armed Forces started out as the BKR Badan Keamanan Rakyat — People's Security Agencywhich was formed in the 3rd PPKI meeting, on 29 August Role of armed forces during disaster this was an organisation of militias in a united nationwide force to ensure the security remained intact across the newly declared independent Indonesia; it was created more as a civil defence force than an armed forces.

The decision to create a "security agency" and not an army, was taken to lessen the probability of the allied forces viewing it as an armed revolution and invading in full force.

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During their capitulation, one of the terms of surrender to Japan was to return the Asian domains they had conquered to the previous nation of the Allies, certainly not to liberate them independently. When confrontations became sharp and hostile between Indonesia and the Allied forces, on 5 October the TKR Tentara Keamanan Rakyat — People's Security Armed Forces was formed on the basis of existing BKR units; this was a move taken to formalise, unite, and organise the splintered pockets of independent troopers laskar across Indonesia, ensuing a more professional military approach, to contend with the Netherlands and the Allied force invaders.

The Indonesian armed forces have seen significant action since their establishment in Their first conflict was the — Indonesian National Revolutionin which the Battle of Surabaya was especially important. From the s to s the Republic of Indonesia struggled to maintain its unity against local insurgencies and separatist movements in some of its provinces.

The Indonesian killings of — directly involved the armed forces under Lt.

Role of armed forces during disaster

General Suharto fighting against the Communist Party of Indonesia. Indonesia developed a good relationship with the Soviet Union in the period of and The Soviets sold 17 ships to the Indonesian Navy, the largest of which was a Sverdlov class cruiser.

The size was 16, tons, very big compared to the current Indonesian Sigma class corvette at only 1, tons.

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Indonesia procured 12 Whiskey class submarines plus 2 supporting ships. Indonesia had more than a hundred military aircraft, 20 supersonic MiGs10 supersonic Mig49 Mig and 30 MiG They also supplied Indonesia with 26 Tupolev Tu strategic bombers, though it is not clear what the serviceability rate was.

Under the New Order[ edit ] During the New Order -era, the Indonesian military enjoyed certain privileges and played a significant role in Indonesian politics. The military involvement in Indonesian politics was formulated in the Dwifungsi Dual function doctrine of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.

InIndonesia invaded East Timorfollowed a year afterward by the Insurgency in Acehflaring on-and-off from to From the s to s the Indonesian military worked hard to suppress these armed insurgency and separatist movements in the provinces of Aceh and East Timor.

In the Santa Cruz Massacre occurred in East Timor, tarnishing the image of the Indonesian military internationally. Also ineach service branch began to reform their women's units, which were formed in the s. These were intended to "set to work at places and in functions conform[ing] to their feminine disposition.

The women police were said to "play an important role in solving problems [of] drug addicts and juvenile delinquents. After the fall of Suharto inthe democratic and civil movement grew against the acute military role and involvements in Indonesian politics. As the result, the post-Suharto Indonesian military has undergone certain reformations, such as the revocation of Dwifungsi doctrine and the terminations of military controlled business.

The reformation also involved the law enforcement in common civil society, which questioned the position of Indonesian police under the military corps umbrella.

These reforms led to the separation of the police force from the military. Inthe Indonesian National Police officially regained its independence and now is a separate entity from the armed forces proper.

Indonesian military continue its involvement and contribution in United Nations peacekeeping missions. Since then, the Air Force has signed deals to purchase more C transport aircraft and upgrade the current Cs in the inventory.

On 22 Novemberthe US announced that military ties with Indonesia would be restored in full. The decision had ended the six-year US ban on arms sales.

Role of armed forces during disaster

Political role of the military[ edit ] Soeharto during serving as the commander of the Kostrad corps of the Indonesian Army During the Soeharto era, the military had a "dual function" dwifungsi in Indonesian defined as: This was used to justify substantial military interference in politics.

Long-time president Soeharto was an army general and was strongly supported by most of the military establishment. Traditionally a significant number of cabinet members had military backgrounds, while active duty and retired military personnel occupied a large number of seats in the legislature.

Commanders of the various territorial commands played influential roles in the affairs of their respective regions.The recent British Armed Forces doctrine publication on Disaster Relief Operations benefited from consultation with agencies, even changing its title from humanitarian relief operations on the basis of agency advice.

The meeting occurred after Skelton, the senior Democrat on the House Armed Services Committee, wrote to Bush on Sept. 21 asking him to spell out his plans for giving the military a broader role in disaster response.

Armed Forces in Disaster Response: Role Reappraisal Alok Raj. Secondary Role of Armed Forces The primary role of the armed forces relating to the defence of the country against external and internal threats is unambiguous and needs no deliberation.

The Turkish Armed Forces (TAF; Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri, TSK) are the military forces of the Republic of consist of the Army, the Navy and the Air Gendarmerie and the Coast Guard, both of which have law enforcement and military functions, operate as components of the internal security forces in peacetime, and are subordinate to the Ministry of Interior.

The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is a specialised force constituted "for the purpose of specialist response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster" under the Disaster Management Act, Islamabad, 14 November Lt. Gen Omar Mahmood Hayat, Chairman NDMA, called on Ms Shireen Mazari, Minister for Human Rights.

Indian Army in Disaster Management - SP's Land Forces