How to write a research study critique

Writing a case study response What is a case study? A case study is a description of a real life problem or situation which requires you to analyse the main issues involved. Why do we write case study responses?

How to write a research study critique

Surely the article will be of good quality if it has made it through the peer review process? Unfortunately this is not always the case.

Publication bias can occur when editors only accept manuscripts that have a bearing on the direction of their own research, or reject manuscripts with negative findings. Performing your own critical analysis of an article allows you to consider its value to you and to your workplace.

Critical evaluation is defined as a systematic way of considering the truthfulness of a piece of research, the results and how relevant and applicable they are.

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Keywords Three to six keywords that encapsulate the main topics of the research will have been drawn from the body of the article. Introduction This should include: Evidence of a literature review that is relevant and recent, critically appraising other works, not merely describing them Background information to the study, to orientate the reader to the problem Hypothesis or aims of the study Rationale for the study that justifies its need, i.

Materials and Methods Similar to a recipe, the description of materials and methods will allow others to replicate the study elsewhere if needed. It should both contain and justify the exact specifications of selection criteria, sample size, response rate and any statistics used.

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This will demonstrate how the study is capable of achieving its aims. Things to consider in this section are: What sort of sampling technique and size was used? What proportion of the eligible sample participated?

What were the strengths and weaknesses of the study? Were there threats to the reliability and validity of the study and were these controlled for?

The 4 Best Ways to Critique an Article - wikiHow

Were there any obvious biases? If a trial was undertaken, was it randomised, case controlled, blinded or double-blinded? At other times the barrier is harder, or even impossible to cross.

Communication difficulties arise even when a translator is available, and non-verbal messages may be missed by the patient or even by the health professional. Results Results should be statistically analysed and presented in a way that the average reader of the journal will understand.

Graphs and tables should be clear and promote clarity of the text. There were any major omissions in the results, which could indicate bias Percentages have been used to disguise small sample sizes The data generated is consistent with the data collected Negative results are just as relevant as research that produces positive results but as mentioned previously may be omitted in publication due to editorial bias.

Discussion This should show insight into the meaning and significance of the research findings. It should not introduce any new material, but should address how the aims of the study have been met. The discussion should use previous research work and theoretical concepts as the context in which the new study can be interpreted.

Any limitations of the study, including bias, should be clearly presented. You will need to evaluate whether the author has clearly interpreted the results of the study, or whether the results could be interpreted another way.

Conclusions These should be clearly stated and will only be valid if the study was reliable, valid and used a representative sample size.

There may also be recommendations for further research. References These should be relevant to the study, be up to date, and should provide a comprehensive list of citations within the text. Final Thoughts Undertaking a critique of a research article may seem challenging at first, but will help you to evaluate whether the article has relevance to your own practice and workplace.

Reading a single article can act as a springboard into researching the topic more widely and aids in ensuring your nursing practice remains current and is supported by existing literature.No matter what your major is, you will probably be expected to write a critique paper at some point.

For psychology students, critiquing a professional paper is a great way to learn more about psychology articles, writing, and the research process itself. In your research, you will find that sources don't always agree. If there is disagreement around facts, figures, definitions or statistics, you will need to determine which one is the correct.

What is a case study? A case study is a description of a real life problem or situation which requires you to analyse the main issues involved.

how to write a research study critique

Quantitative Article Critique: first mentioned that the transition from school to employment is a topic that is often discussed, but little research has authors recommended additional research to support the findings of the study and further evaluate the variables (Capella-McDonnall & Crudden, , p.

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