China and the United States are leading global super powers, and yet they have very different cultural practices. Social Structure China has a very formal and hierarchical social structure that extends to business, institutional and family life. For example, children are expected to respect their elders with the oldest family member commanding the greatest respect. In America, there is greater fluidity between groups with workers, managers, children and adults often making joint decisions and enjoying social occasions together.
People are motivated by the same things: But each culture reaches these goals via different routes and on the surface, can sometimes seem poles apart.
Understanding why people are driven to behave the way they do can go a long way to successful intercultural communication. Chinese society is all about the group, while Americans celebrate the individual. The United States is a meritocracy in which individuals can shine, while in Chinaany success is regarded as a success for the company, or the family, or the team.
A Chinese person will consider how their actions may affect the group as a whole rather than looking out only for themselves. Hierarchy is important to the Chinese and respect will be shown to those higher up in the structure.
American companies tend to have much flatter structures, with workers at all levels having access to those at the top. In China, a worker low down the pay scale would not expect to have direct contact with their superiors. Everybody knows their place in the structure and abides by the rules that come with it.
Conversation in China can feel somewhat direct to Americans.
Even though Americans like to place people in context in the search for common ground, small talk about age, income and marital status, all favoured by the Chinese, can feel intrusive and overly personal to an American.
Having said this, Chinese visitors to the United States can find the language and tone used in American workplaces rude and uncomfortable.
Thinking before you speak is important to the Chinese, as is showing respect for those higher in the hierarchy.
Communication style is indirect and Americans doing business with Chinese counterparts will need to learn to read between the lines.
China treats its seniors in a different way to Americans. Elders are held in great respect and treated as such, both in business and socially. Many families live with several generations under one roof.
Even the dead are honored. Americans, on the other hand, expect their offspring to be independent. The older generation can live hundreds of miles away from their children and isolation of old people is a social issue.
The American workplace can seem ageist to older people, too, as youth culture is celebrated. Chinese people are inclined to foster deeper friendships than Americans. They may see Americans as initially gregarious but difficult to get to know in a deeper context.
A friend in China is someone to whom you feel deeply obligated and for whom you will do favors when necessary. This translates into business, where the Chinese will try to forge relationships and connections, known as guanxi.
Trust is essential before doing business. Colleagues tend to socialize together as part of relationship building and business entertainment is lavish. Americans, on the other hand, tend to keep work and personal life separate. Chinese in urban areas are used to a lack of personal space.
Cities are densely populated, polluted and crowded, especially on public transport. Americans see freedom of speech and access to information as a right. China has heavy censorship of media and of the internet.Every culture is equally fascinating, with its cuisine, traditions, perspectives regarding business, relationships and life, and so much more.
China and America are two leading global superpowers, both having cultures that are somewhat similar to one another, and yet greatly differ from each other. Sep 03, · The article is somewhat limiting as it only describes the differences between American and Chinese business culture, and does not go into depth as to the general differences in the every day life of an American versus the daily life of a Chinese person.
There was also a considerable amount of bias plombier-nemours.coms: Different countries have different societal structures, business norms and ways of forming relationships. Analyzing cultural norms is not a means to determine a 'model' way of life, but it is a way of understanding how countries and individuals interact on a local, national and international scale.
A quick look at cultural dimensions and how they apply to both countries. While the Chinese and American governments consider themselves adversaries if not competitors in trade, political. In Chinese companies, information is shared on a need-to-know basis, rarely filtering down from the top, while American corporate culture is generally much more open, with considerable effort being made to embrace transparency.
However, in spite of all the figures shown above, there is one irrefutable fact; Chinese and American cultures are extraordinarily different. When Westerners and Chinese people interact, they notice different behavior on both sides.